Floating Wetland

Grey Water Treatment Plants | Floating Garden

As cities throughout the world embark on their journey to clean up rivers, experts are creating artificial islands with the concept of floating grassland. Floating wetlands, floating gardens, or floating grasslands as they mayne termed are like real wetlands, providing a variety of ecological functions. They filter silt and pollutants from wastewater, and tests conducted in laboratories suggest that some plants may bind to compounds and metals present in wastewater from acid mines. The surfaces of the small islands attract animals, while the submerged plant roots absorb pollutants and nourish the aquatic ecosystem.


Wetlands are massive “scrubbers,” small ecological communities that absorb chemicals and vital nutrients, breaking them down, and reducing the quantity of hazardous substances in our waterways. These systems absorb surplus farming nutrients, which may cause blooms of algal and dead spots, and the new study shows they might be utilised to minimise toxins in the surrounding waters. Though it is challenging to measure the precise advantages of such mechanisms, since they possess restrictions when used for addressing contaminated waterways, researchers believe they might deliver an alternative.

Wastewater Treatment | Floating Gardenastewater Treatment | Floating Garden

How do they Help?

Harmful algal blooms have been more prevalent in recent years. Such algae blooms are primarily triggered by an undesirable rise in nutrients in the waterway, such as phosphorus. The nutrients originate from a variety of neighbouring sources, including surplus garden fertilisers that run into storms and drainage systems after rainstorms and flow into water bodies. The purpose of introducing a floating wetland into the waterway is to limit the number of nutrients present and, dangerous algal blooms.

What do they do?

Floating wetlands aid in the creation of the suitable equilibrium of immersed as well as non-submerged wetland habitats based on the demands of each unique site. Any surplus nutrients in the surface water are used up by the plants as they develop. Furthermore, groups of good bacteria create a coating surrounding the roots, aiding in the filtering of nutrients and pollutants. Elevation changes generate areas with varied oxygen levels, fostering these various biological filtration mechanisms. The floating platform prevents algae formation by blocking sunlight. 

Passive wetlands ecosystems rely on extremely slow absorption of oxygen via the atmosphere into the water segment. This absence of oxygen transfer inhibits the breakdown of oxygen molecules and restricts toxin elimination from wastewater. The capacity to inject tiny amounts of air in a regular way across the bottom layer is essential for ventilated wetlands. This enables the regulated functioning of the complete oxidation cycle through water treatment while utilising only a little quantity of energy.

Benefits of using floating Gardens

Wetlands use natural mechanisms to cleanse water as it enters shallow regions of lush aquatic foliage and porous bottom sediments. The key methods for removing nutrients include microbial and vegetative conversion and absorbance, uptake and removal into both inorganic and organic debris, and vaporisation. Aquatic plants, whether above and below water, absorb these components from the sand and water into their own vegetative. The crops not only absorb vitamins and toxins, but their root systems and floating islands material gives an ample surface area for microorganisms to flourish, generating a sticky coating of biofilm. In a floating Garden system, the biofilm forms where the vast majority of nutritional consumption and decomposition transpires. There are various advantages,

The carbon impact is minimal

Simple to construct and run

Substantially Low operating and maintenance expenses as compared to traditional systems along with a very lengthy and useful life

Provides shelter to different water animals

Capabilities for effective nutrient absorption

Provides an aesthetic look to your waterbody

Provides natural filtration and purification of water bodies

Can be used in aquariums based on the suitability and size

A variety of flowers, vegetable seeds, and plants can be grown

Water temperatures can be controlled where water bodies are smaller in size

Plants That Clean Water | JMS Floating Gardens

How to Design a Floating Wetland

The size of a floating wetland might be determined based on projected flow, quantity of water, and intended treatment. Usually, floating wetlands are built as flexible structures that may be enhanced if findings demonstrate that a larger floating wetland area is necessary to reduce pollution levels.

The floating garden could be wired to the bank, allowing the floating gardens to move up and down in response to fluctuations in water level. The place of anchoring must be strong enough to withstand fluctuations in the level of water and expected flow velocity. The place of anchoring must be strong enough to withstand fluctuations in the level of water and expected flow velocity.

Looking to bring sustainability to your water pond naturally with a floating garden?